Chalk and Cheese


What does Chalk and Cheese mean?

If someone tells you that two things are as different as Chalk and Cheese, they are implying that these two things are extremely dissimilar or incompatible with each other.

This phrase is a colloquial expression to highlight a stark contrast between two entities. It compares the distinctiveness of chalk, a brittle white substance, and cheese, a delicious and nourishing food. The phrase is commonly used to emphasize how two people, concepts, or objects are utterly unalike or have opposing characteristics.


When describing two siblings with completely different personalities, one might say: “Tom and Jane are like chalk and cheese. While Tom is introverted and studious, Jane is extroverted and loves outdoor activities.”



What's the origin of Chalk and Cheese?

The origin of the idiom “Chalk and Cheese” can be traced back to medieval times. During this period, cheese was a common and important part of people’s diets, while chalk was mainly used for writing on blackboards.

The association between the two substances stems from their contrasting properties: chalk is dry, fragile, and tasteless, whereas cheese is moist, flexible, and flavorful. Over time, this comparison gained popularity, and the phrase “Chalk and Cheese” emerged as a figurative expression expressing striking distinction.

Alternatively, “Chalk and Cheese” is often linked to an urban legend, where 13th century vendors mixed chalk with other ingredients, while creating cheese, with the aim of maximizing profits. This, however, is largerly unsupported by evidence.

Spread & Usage

How did Chalk and Cheese spread?

The phrase “Chalk and Cheese” is widely used in English-speaking countries, including the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand. It has become a popular idiomatic expression to illustrate the vast dissimilarity between two things or individuals. People often employ this phrase in various contexts, such as describing dissimilar personalities, distinct characteristics, opposing ideas, or incompatible pairings.

An amusing example of its usage could be: “Comparing their fashion sense is like comparing chalk and cheese. While Sarah opts for elegant and classic outfits, Rachel has a wild and vibrant style that stands out in any crowd.”

Despite its humorous undertones, it’s essential to use this phrase appropriately and considerate of the context. The phrase brilliantly conveys a sense of stark contrast and adds a touch of whimsy to everyday conversations.

External resources

Collins Dictionary – Chalk and Cheese
English-Grammar-Lessons – Chalk and Cheese

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